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Yue Qian does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Recent reports about a sex recession among young Americans aside, the concept of dating and mating is reasonably engrained in daily life in the West.
In sharp contrast, in South Korea, 40 per cent of people in their 20s and 30s appear to have quit dating altogether. Although Confucian culture originated in China, many scholars believe South Korea is even more influenced by Confucianism. Confucian values emphasize the importance of marriage and carrying on the family bloodline. Getting married is considered a social responsibility. But young Koreans are increasingly leaving marriage behind. In traditional Asian families, numerous intra-familial roles are bundled together, especially for women.
Generally speaking, marriage, childbearing, childrearing and taking care of the elderly are linked. Hence, marriage and family roles are a package. Nevertheless, Western individualistic ideologies are increasingly influencing young Koreans. Despite a strong traditional emphasis on marriage, they have begun to postpone and even forgo marriage.
The average age at first marriage in South Korea jumped five years for both men and women from to Related to this is the rising of people who stay single. Inonly 1. Inthat percentage increased to almost 30 per cent.
In the last decade, The Economist has published articles about the decline of Asian marriage. Once women decide to get married, they are generally expected to prioritize familial responsibilities. My research shows that in46 per cent of married Korean women between 25 and 54 were full-time housewives ; Korean wives, many of whom are working outside of the home, did over 80 per cent of the housework, whereas their husbands did less than 20 per cent.
Women have gained more opportunities outside marriage, but within marriage, men have not correspondingly increased their contribution to housework and childcare. As a result, for many women, being married is no longer an attractive option. With diminishing returns to gender-specialized marriage for highly educated women, they are likely to delay or forgo marriage. Another important reason young Koreans are giving up on dating, getting married and raising kids is the growing economic uncertainty and financial hardships.
Many young Koreans work at precarious jobswith low pay and little job and income security. Moreover, the culture of long working hours prevails in South Korea. InKoreans worked an average of 2, hours per year, hours less than they did in the decade. To put this into perspective, Canadians worked hours less a year than Koreans and the French, who are even better at work-life balance, worked fewer hours. Recently, the South Korean government has passed a law which cut the maximum weekly hours to 52, down from 68, hoping that Koreans could still have some personal life after work.
It is rare for single women to have children: 1. Therefore, there are real consequences of marriage forgone.
South Korea is among the countries with the lowest fertility in the world. Countries need about 2. In Korea, the average births per woman were slightly above one in Birth rates are extremely low. However, people are living longer. South Korean women will likely soon have the highest female life expectancy; South Korean women born in are expected to live longer than 90 years.
Therefore, the Korean population is ageing rapidly. A shrinking population will create a labour crisis, limiting economic development. But will forcefully switching off lights work? Maybe changing the culture of long working hours and abolishing gendered work and family roles would be more effective. Be Curious — Leeds, Leeds. Edition: Available editions United Kingdom.
The South Korean government has decided to dim its office lights at 7 p. Yue QianUniversity of British Columbia.Women looking for sex South Korea
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Love and sex in South Korea - statistics & facts